Arab Media Channels are quoting a report that, since the first day of the uprising of the 17th February Revolution against Gadaffi in Libya, and while the demonstrations were widening on the ground, plans were in process in Doha to bring about an armed chaos giving the small emirate influence over the terrorist militias.
At the forefront of the scene of troubled Libya suddenly, it was their mission to implement a national plan for Libya, namely the former leader of the group Libyan fighter Abdul Hakim Belhaj, Deputy to Ayman_Zawahiri, and the two brothers Ali and Ismail Salabi, radical Mahdi_Al_Harati preparing the ground with the rest on the list of terrorism backed from Qatar.
After months of the outbreak of the uprising against the rule of Muammar Gaddafi, appeared Belhaj, a field commander in western Libya, to announce the formation of the city of Zintan military council in Tripoli.
Many are surprised by the weapons and gear possessed by this Council, known to the Libyans, as a former prisoner does not have the funds through which to implement the composition of a military council.
Questions began to be raised about the source of funds and weapons. Until noon on the storming of Bab Azizia and on his right Qatari intelligence officer Hamad bin Marri, everyone realized that Qatar has funded Belhaj with money and weapons, and provided his media to promote extremist ideas.
It did not stop at this point, the special forces participated along with Belhaj militias in the overthrow of Gaddafi in Tripoli.
After the overthrow of Gaddafi, recruitment was widespread for support for Belhaj, who announced the formation of a Political Party, and opened a TV channel equipped with the latest equipment, and became the owner of the main Airline Libya Wings.
The second person in the political implementation in Qatar is the Muslim_Brotherhood resident in Qatar, which was established through his brother’s Ismail_Rafallah_al_Sahati_brigade, which was one of the militias that received the most military and financial support from Qatar.
Accused and responsible for the implementation of dozens of assassinations against the Benghazi military.
It was leaked via a voice call from Ismail Salaabi the threat to the Libyan lawyer Abdul Salam, saying to him: “Any traitor will be dealt with.” Indeed, it was only a few weeks until he was assassinated in one of the streets of Benghazi.
Confirmed by Libyan military sources, Qatar trained many members of the Rafallah Al-Sahati brigade in Doha, to come back and then fight in the ranks of terrorists.
After the Libyan National Army announcement of the process of “Operation Dignity” to restore cities from the control of terrorists, Salaabi joined the Shura Council of Benghazi, declaring his alliance with Al_Qaeda openly.
Qatar continued to support the hardness and extremists in Benghazi through the port of Misrata, where weapons were sent to airports and Misrata Matiga and through the port were being sent to the ports of Benghazi. Where they were used to bomb elections, civilians numbering thousands, injuring approx 10,000.
The Defense Brigades received direct support from the military junta in Misrata backed by Qatar.
Terrorist Mahdi Al Harati returned to Libya after the uprising, coming from DublinIreland, which is where age 20 he lived. He is wanted in Spain because of his alleged involvement in the Madrid attacks in 2004. He is currently roaming free in Malta.
Madhi Al Harati in the company of Belhaj, announced together to form a military council in Tripoli, and Al Harati became Vice President and Mayor of Tripoli. Under the UN backed GNA with Gwhell as PM.
ISIS and Al_Qaeda (who are listed as “Khawarijj“) and their allies have been Main Stream Media (MSM) described as “Islamist” right from day one. They break 100% of the rules of Islam, and they are not Muslims, so therefore the correct conclusion is that none of these groups are “Islamists”.
Since their inception by MOSSAD in Jordan with Azzam, they have killed over 1,000,000 Muslims, so it doesn’t take a genius to figure out that the use of the term “Islamist” is triangulated Propaganda, Pscyhological_warfare and intended only to recruit millions of people to “Victim_Blame” .
Yet knowing this, still the vast majority of Analysts are doing it – why?
The power of brainwashing by repetitive suggestion on the human brain is why. A simple way to realise how the human brain is programmed is to look at the Math Times Tables. Children learn (or they used to) their Times Tables by constantly repeating them. Eventually the answers become subliminal and automatic. With educated analysts, this starts at University. For others it happens via MSM and by the very Analysts that have learned it at University.
By Ayman Jawad Tamimi of “Jihadi Intel”. (:D – he liaises with the US Administration all over Twitter and refers to Daesh as “Islamic” – laugh out bloody loud!
Nicely timed to coincide with the Manchester bombing, Ansar Al Sharia Libya have realized they have been rumbled and have decided to quit, in some weird decisive phase that if the just disappear, they will not be blamed.
Ansar Al Sharia Libya appear to have given up trying to convert Malaki Libyans to their own bastardised form of Sharia, based on Abdel Hakim Belhaj’s Al Watan Party, which results in spilling the blood of as many Malaki Libyans as possible, forcing all women in Libya to wear the Burkha, lashings in the streets, (even 6 year old children), and enforcing a type of Sharia which even if pure, (which it never has been) – is completely alien to Malaki dominant Libya.
This rather effusive statement by them, thanks their massive in the Western Regions (Where the UK and USA reign supreme, backed by Saudi, Bahrain – Tripoli Division and Qatar and Turkey – Misrata Division).
It also goes on to state that the “West” is with Haftar’s forces in Tobruk and Benghazi, which is a bit strange, as any Western Force that goes anywhere near the East is targeted and annihilated by Ansar Al Sharia Loyal Forces. Notably British Forces near Misrata in 2016, French Intel Fact Finders shot down in a Helicopter 2016, Italian Forces near Misrata when they tried to venture toward Derna in boats when tracking Arms from Misrata to Derna (known in Libya as “Bulldozers”) – which massacred thousands of Civilians and put more than 10,000 of them in wheelchairs.
Haftar is backed by UAE (Malaki), Egypt, Russia and that is no secret. So the OxyMoronic Propaganda by Ansar Al Sharia is clearly Washington DC Driven, and as in Libya Tripoli is known commonly as “Washington DC”, this statement couldn’t really get more OxyMoroninc. One does wonder why they still try.
Additionally, it is to be noted that Abdel Hakim Belhaj was caught funding, and signing contracts with Daesh in 2015, which lead to the dissolution of his Brigades Fajr Libya (Libya Dawn), so in fact, this Statement only goes to further reinforce the Propaganda Ansar Al Sharia in Libya have always used – they are indeed such an Israeli allied Battalion (Re: Bernard Henri Levy Misrata), it is in fact typical Zionist Victim Blaming ‘Projection” and utterly typical in Libya where the 3rd Force of Misrata demonstrates clearly their use of Triangulation, over “Divide and Rule”.
All that remains to be seen now is what Rebranding are they going to use? This statement coincided with the move of Pawn Belhaj from Malta to Istanbul – on the same time frame and same date. Rumours abounded that he was arrested in Istanbul, but he has lately issued a Statement that he has been there (as he has been regularly for years doing the same thing) to liaise with “Leaders” on the implementation of the UNSMIL agreement. Which hasn’t been going his way recently, due to the invlvement of Kobbler as UN Envoy.
(Note the Kabul Bomb at the German Embassy and the Taliban’s denial of any involvement and their disgust at the number of Civilians and their statement that it wasn’t aimed at a “Legitimate Target”).
It seems that as predicted, Ansar al Sharia (and their best mates AQ and Daesh which have always been one and the same thing in Libya) are indeed “Billy No Mates”, and this piece of Propaganda is exactly that.
The U.S. government is creating a new $160 million bureaucracy to shut down information that doesn’t conform to U.S. propaganda narratives, building on the strategy that sold the bloody Syrian “regime change” war… The U.S. establishment is not content simply to have domination over the media narratives on critical foreign policy issues, such as Syria, Ukraine and Russia. It wants total domination. Thus we now have the “Countering Foreign Propaganda and Disinformation Act” that President Obama signed into law on Dec. 23 as part of the National Defense Authorization Act for 2017, setting aside $160 million to combat any “propaganda” that challenges Official Washington’s version of reality. The new law mandates the U.S. Secretary of State to collaborate with the Secretary of Defense, Director of National Intelligence and other federal agencies to create a Global Engagement Center “to lead, synchronize, and coordinate efforts of the Federal Government to recognize, understand, expose, and counter foreign state and non-state propaganda and disinformation efforts aimed at undermining United States national security interests.” The law directs the Center to be formed in 180 days and to share expertise among agencies and to “coordinate with allied nations.” The legislation was initiated in March 2016, as the demonization of Russian President Vladimir Putin and Russia was already underway and was enacted amid the allegations of “Russian hacking” around the U.S. presidential election and the mainstream media’s furor over supposedly “fake news.” Defeated Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton voiced strong support for the bill: “It’s imperative that leaders in both the private sector and the public sector step up to protect our democracy, and innocent lives.” The new law is remarkable for a number of reasons, not the least because it merges a new McCarthyism about purported dissemination of Russian “propaganda” on the Internet with a new Orwellianism by creating a kind of Ministry of Truth – or Global Engagement Center – to protect the American people from “foreign propaganda and disinformation.”……………..
Weekend massacre executed against Syrian troops atop Deir Ezzor’s Thardeh Mountain now looks like some kind of a murderous colonialist get-together as Australia, the UK and Denmark have all admitted their role in the unspeakable atrocity. Their statements on the crime read just about identically, with each respective Imperialist stain on humanity claiming that they, like the American regime, didn’t “intend” to hit the SAA, that they “regret” what took place and that they offer their “sincere condolences” to the families of the innocent souls whom they had butchered. The reason why this, also like Washington’s bullshit, does not hold even the weight of a termite, is because these are some of the bloodiest regimes to ever grace the stage of geopolitics. The Australian settler regime wiped out hundreds of thousands of Aboriginal people and played a key role in the overthrow of Indonesian revolutionary Sukarno as well as the Suharto coup regime’s aggression against Eastern Timor. Denmark, for its part, once ran a hideous colonialist empire, with colonies of theft and mass murder in Africa, India and notably, the Caribbean, where the Jewish-dominated Danish West India Trading Company ran cruel schemes of slave-trading and sugar-thieving. And Britain? Does one really need to enumerate how many countries that the London ZOG colonized, raped and ruined at the height of its colonialist dominance?
Thanks Washington Post for the article revealing the PROOF that the USA has been funding and arming this man, the very same man that has been sending boats every day to Benghazi to allies of Daesh and Benghazi Shura Revolutionaries to target CIVILIANS in Benghazi for years. Between 2015 and 2016 ALONE in just 8 months, 8000 CIVILIANS have been maimed by LANDMINES planted by this man’s Militias and MANY MORE DEAD. And you expect people to believe it was all arms from Gadaffi’s stash? No it wasn’t – the Arms and indeed the RATIONS that have been recovered are all US Military as well as official Qatari. USA was also supplying this man in direct alliance with Abdel Hakim Belhadj – who has had his EU Court of Human Rights appeal turned down this year for “Joining Deash” – which he did as soon as it appeared in Libya, in FACT he was it’s founder and this ANIMAL you are FEATURING here in this article was arming them.
Anyone who has subscribed to American Tutorials for Blogging and SEO is aware of the way a first sentence is designed to capture the reader and make them behave in a certain way by provoking physiological responses. So the commonly used terminology that this is “Wordspeak” (Ref: 1984 – George Orwell) used to describe many online Media, should not put you off when you see it.
(Don’t get me wrong, Wikipedia is a useful resource, and is improving rapidly by the growth in numbers of people Globally engaging with it. But on this subject, it is highly engineered).
“According to former CIA analyst Michael Scheuer, who led the CIA’s hunt for Osama bin Laden, the al-Qaeda leader was motivated by a belief that U.S. foreign policy has oppressed, killed, or otherwise harmed Muslims in the Middle East”.
What a recruitment tool! There is no getting away from the fact there is nothing wrong, or untrue about that statement. It’s there in Wikipedia as an “Intro” to Osama’s “Ideology”. And it’s deliberate. But, any human who reads it is suddenly aware of one predominant feeling. If you agree with this statement (and those that do not agree with it are in the tiny minority), you can be labelled as a “Terrorist”. It plays on your physiological responses. You suddenly feel panic and fear. You are the same as him on this. Anyone who reads it out of sheer curiosity …. the “Engineers” cannot resist:-
“We are going to scare you off and prey on your every free thought and feeling, making you feel really uncomfortable”.
A Westerner type feels instant fear and panic. A reticence to read anymore. It’s better just to not know. It’s a “Fight or Flight” response. And getting into a fight on the subject of Osama Bin Laden is deep. It’s not recommended. He’s the USA’s greatest Terrorist. It’s Osama Bin Laden! As the feeling subsides the “Victim” is left feeling vulnerable, unsure of their own judgement, confused. If this is the first trip into the world of Wars on Islam, then the task of the “Engineers” is complete. The “Victim” will just try to prove to themselves and everyone else that they are not like Osama Bin Laden, so they will adopt principles and practice them, the exact opposite principles to that one introductory sentence. Most will decide not to look again. Especially after Quote number 2. Job done.
Psychological Warfare. It also evokes in the masses of Muslims reading it for the first time – a predominant feeling of outrage. It “Incites”.
After the Iraq War of 2006, the Chilcott Enquiry exposing Bush and Blair, those who disagree with that statement are made up of the minority and the disturbed. From ignorance, bigotry, to the gene deformities at birth, leading to sections of the brain not manufacturing the right emotions and the Psychopaths not able to feel Empathy at all (a Birth Defect) – the subsection of International Society who do not agree with this statement are not normal, and the minority. What a recruitment tool! It’s “Bi- Polar” – it covers both Extremes. Those who will be sucked into supporting him, and “Conditioning” of those who absolutely will not.
Any white western non-Muslim can read that first sentence on its own, take it out of context, remove the names, remove the job title and the majority of humans would agree with it.
” Nonetheless, bin Laden criticised the U.S. for its secularform of governance, calling upon Americans to convert to Islam and “reject the immoral acts of fornication, homosexuality, intoxicants, gambling, and usury“, in a letter published in late 2002. His vocal criticism of Western government and society……”
There are some sweeping statements here, not just in Osama’s statement, but in the way that what he has said is categorising such a range of issues into a nutshell of “This is what a Terrorist says and it is wrong”. He was socialised by his environment. He did not have access to the concepts of billions of people in the “West” or the differences between the Culture of the USA and Europe, etc. There was no facebook or twitter, how would he know? He was not aware that the vast majority of people globally are pretty disgusted with the US Laws on Prostitution. It is legal in so many states in the USA and is unique in that.
Pornography – the industry is something that disgusts the majority, is much more illegal in Europe than in the USA, where it is a major industry. Parading Extreme S&M Homosexuality in public in Street Festivals, in front of children. The Gay Pride Community being far from “Equal” and the USA “Shouting” about it in their usual hard sell way. Why does it have to be in public? Plenty of people are disgusted with that, the loud shouting of personal sexual behaviour. It’s considered “Impolite” in Europe and that goes for discussing Sexuality among Heterosexuals. Most of it is illegal or distasteful outside of the USA. Like TTP today, the Global Battle against the infiltration of these society breaking elements and planet killing poisons have been ongoing. Normalising what other Cultures do not consider normal. Stamping the USA all over everywhere.
Alcohol marketed and sold at cheaper than nutrition prices, to levels of Mass Alcohol Dependency, Drugs. Gambling – American style Casinos licensed in the UK quite recently – the rules and regulations regarding licensing for them are factors that are not impressing the Americans. There will be no Las Vegas Cities here, no “Climate” of addicts attracting more addicts. No hoards of Zombies sucked in by bright lights, theatre and hard sell.
As for “Usury” – the Banking System that is current today is not workable, not sustainable, and those in control know it. For 1000’s of years humans have known about the algorithm, and the area of the world it was discovered makes Finance and Economics a much more learned subject to Levantines and Semites. (Middle East). As with Mathematics, Physics, Time and Space – everything was invented 1000’s of years ago right there. On the Asian Continent. So anyone looking at Osama Bin Laden as some kind of an uneducated fanatic on everything, forget it.
So he uses different terms. He only had his own socialisation and education, he didn’t have the tools that we do today. No internet, no comparison. But it’s easy to see where the “appeal” comes from, and it’s not a great idea to categorise him in narrow terms. The more they vilify Osama Bin Laden, the more recruits he will get, and that is exactly what they want. Now there are others in control, and they are moving the masses of Al-Qaeda in direct Opposition to Osama’s principles. Al Qaeda has become Zionist Sock Puppets. Willingly, corrupt in some cases, and unwittingly in others. Thousands of people recruited from 181 Countries to Syria, on the myth, legend, infamy of Osama Bin Laden, to join Battalions lead by the US, UK and Israelis. They didn’t know until they got there, most of them. And when they did, then masses of them erupted into End Times Mentality, and it’s easy to see why. Add the gross misuse of giving them all Capatone “to fight harder” and they become victims too – Drug Addicts for starters, high strength Amphetamine Sulphate. 1000’s of Al-Qaeda and Daesh are now addicted to it, with no idea that their feelings are as a result of that. No education on it at all, in fact.
They had Social Media for 2 years in some cases. Whereas in the West we’d had it since 2006. Muslims do not lie so much, as a rule, so they cannot see it coming. The manipulation and the growth of Al-Qaeda to armies of tens of thousands – forming Daesh, has been the largest ‘Social Experiment’ ever conducted by an Entity. And that “Entity” is the NSA. So many millions of us have watched it in real-time, happening in Social Media Groups that had nothing to do with al-Qaeda and Daesh, and saw fake social media Profiles recruiting them. And guess what, it was all done with a massive pack of lies at worst, and subtle manipulation at best. It beggars belief that the Zionists ever thought they could get away with it. Within months enough Evidence was gathered to enable Judicial Watch to get a Case together to Prosecute the CIA and get the Proof. (www.judicialwatch.org/document-archive/pgs-287-293-291-jw-v-dod-and-state-14-812-2/ ) To continue to view it happening, on social media – you had to put up with Psychological Abuse and Warfare on a level you could never imagine.
That, is I think, the first time in history that Non-Muslims from across the World got a real taste of what it is like to be in the Target of the Psychopaths. Because that is what they are. It’s like having thousands of Horror Movie Script Characters attacking you – but it’s not a film. They are for real. And if the USA/UK etc., thinks that is progressive, sustainable and not degrading (to themselves), then I keep coming back to the same point. “Self Isolating” and “Self Destructive”. And as Osama Bin Laden was working under direct Command of the US Military in the 1980’s – I decided to take another look at him, and really delve, always in the back of my mind that once he was conscripted into US Military Ranks in that War, those Psychopaths would never let go of him. He could either be a “Yes” man or suffer the consequences.
As for us, and anyone else reading this that is put off joining in the Truth hunt, there are over a billion of us, growing in number every day, mingled across every continent, every society. What can anyone do about that? Apart from taking the Internet down, absolutely nothing. So don’t worry, get involved.
Osama Bin Laden was born a bastard, his mother was a concubine to Mohammed Bin Laden of Saudi, who had 21 wives. His mother was known as “The Slave” and Osama was known as the “Slave Child” by other members of the household.
The only time people in the West see images and Media of Osama Bin Laden is either on Mainstream Media with the usual soundbites. Or various Memes circulated on Social Media. He invokes a range of reactions and emotions – and they design it deliberately to do that. From subjective emotions such as shock and fear, to – as the 9/11 Truth started to explode like a mushroom bomb across the globe, evoking a wide range of emotions from astonishment, to ridicule, to sheer disbelief. Provoking more questions than answers. Mythologising the man instead of realising him. Creating confusion. Creating alchemy. In this feature, with information gathered from multitudes of sources around the world, gathered as communications experiential, over time – we can examine the life and character of Osama Bin Laden and the circumstances that lead up to him being cast as one of the biggest CIA Bogeymen of the Century. Here every aspect of the man is explained in layman terms, from his ideology to his health. It will start to invoke new questions and hopefully turn the myth, the legend, the infamous, into a format that is easier for your awareness to grasp. It will also provoke new questions. Osama Bin Laden the man, the human, is in so many ways not who you expected him to be.
I’m not going to format this subject in any way that you are used to. I’m not going to prey on your physiological responses associated with fear and shock. I’m going to delve into the details of this man’s life and psychology – and present him to you as a human. To peel away the layers of mystery, that usually remain hidden as your mind races, your palms sweat, and your thoughts scatter to a greater degree or less. This information comes to you via social media, an example of how social media is changing international society. No longer can they dream up a movie script and present it as fact in mainstream media. Any human on this planet armed with an internet connection and a social media platform has the ability to connect with others and gather information and resources to obtain the facts. You don’t have to communicate with Al Qaeda to do so, or the CIA, far from it. All you need is an adventurous spirit, an enquiring and open mind, and a watchful eye. One comment worded in a particular way on an image in a public group will reap rewards of another scrap of information, an implication. Once you get going, the information just comes back to you.
All over the world people are psychologically the same. In your country, you may be talking on Social Media about what you had for lunch, the latest gossip on a corrupt politician. The latest police shooting, or the latest crime. Sharing images of the latest baby in your family, or the latest trip you took. The view from your garden, your flower beds, how you love your pet. The antics of the latest celebrity. Which clothes you like to wear, what fashion and music you follow. How your child is doing at school, what problems you are facing parenting, what you are doing at work. By discussing these subjects with others, you can become clearer on them. All over the world, people are communicating about the same things as you are. Discussing the latest news, sharing gossip. Disseminating both facts, and fiction. That is human nature. But what is fact with increasing strength and rapidity, is the way information is disseminating across the world. News reaching thousands of miles as social media news before mainstream media can even process it and air it. Those entities that use Propaganda in all its forms are now vulnerable, exposed. And here, we are going to expose them. Some of the information I will be giving you here is readily available, and I will be attaching those links here stored for you, as a resource all in one place, so that you can compare what you read here, with what you have been presented with by governments and mainstream media.
Other information is not readily available to you, and has come via what in Journalism is known as “Sources”. But let’s break that down. A “Source” is just a contact that has given you information. There is nothing mysterious about it. And as a resource, it has become much more available to the masses, due to social media. Get used to reading facts from laymen. Get used to realising that as far as mainstream media and governments are concerned, particularly in the UK and USA (in 2015, for the first time in history, the United Nations gave an official warning to UK Media for being the most ‘lying’ media in existence. The UK Government had taken Propaganda to such extremes, an official reprimand was given), you are being presented with a soundbite, in the majority of cases. And especially with regard to subjects like 9/11, and Terrorism, what you are being told is so far from the truth. Controlling your minds, playing on your emotions, thus moving you this way and that, just like a crowd at a football match.
“I’m going to Sweden on business – who’s coming?” Road Trip 1971. Osama bin Laden (second from right) in Falun – Sweden. 23 members of the Bin Laden family visited Falun, while one of the elder brothers conducted business with Volvo. Osama is remembered as a quiet and reserved boy who at 16 didn’t stand out from the crowd. Over exuberant, released from Saudi life for a short time, they really went for it. Bottomless wallets, a craving for fashion. Cool 1970’s hipsters. The pink Cadillac. If you saw this image out of context, would you expect Osama Bin Laden to be in it?
On August 31st the BBC News website chose to publish on its Middle East page an article about a wholly domestic Israeli story. Misleadingly headlined “Israel police chief: ‘Natural’ to suspect Ethiopians of crime“, the report opens: “Israel’s police commissioner has been criticised for suggesting it is natural to suspect Israelis of Ethiopian descent of […]
With its human editors out the door, Facebook is letting the inmates run the asylum. This week, a story about a man violently engaging a McChicken in intercourse lived as a topic on Facebook’s Trending bar for more than a day—despite the fact that an extraordinarily small percent of Facebook’s US user base was talking…
Originally posted on Counter Information: Until recently, the official page of Pravda.Ru on Facebook was developing actively with over 10,000 people joining us on a monthly basis. The page had the official status assigned by the social network. Yet, all is fair in war. All the principles of freedom of speech that US-based Facebook shareholders…
‘Abd Allah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi (d. 659) was a Kharijite leader who was known for his bravery and piety. He died in the battle of Nahrawan.
When ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan was elected to be the third caliph in 644, some leaders of the Muslim community were happy while others were not. The former were the clan of Umayyah, the house of ‘Uthman; the latter were the clan of Hashim, house of ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, the losing caliphal candidate. The expectations of the Umayyah clan were met. The caliph appointed a number of the governors of the provinces from his clan, and thus invited the envy of others and the charge of nepotism from some. Soon the anti-’Uthman forces gathered strength and assassinated the caliph in 656. The same body that elected ‘Uthman to the caliphate then elected ‘Ali to replace him. The Umayyah clan was furious. Mu’awiya ibn Abu Sufyan, governor of Syria, and ‘Amri ibn al-’As, governor of Egypt, both of the Umayyah clan, united and asked ‘Ali to identify and punish the assassins, or he would be disqualified from the caliphate by implication. Much as he personally might have wished to comply with the request. ‘Ali was too weak to do so because insurrections were breaking out in many regions of the realm. Hence, Mu’awiya and ‘Amr joined forces and declared their independence of ‘Ali’s caliphate. Their contest for power soon became open defiance.
When their respective armies confronted each other at Siffin in 657, and the forces of ‘Ali were about to carry the day, ‘Ali’s opponents resorted to a ruse and offered to accept arbitration. Anxious to avoid further bloodshed and exhausted, ‘Ali accepted the offer and withdrew. The offer of arbitration was a hoax and Mu’awiya regrouped his forces for another round. The arbitration took place in 659 at Adhruh on the caravan route from Medina to Damascus, between Ma’an and Petra.
A group of ‘Ali’s followers strongly disagreed with the arbitration. They claimed that ‘Ali had betrayed Islam by agreeing to the truce and should have referred judgment to the Qur’an alone. They also claimed that all Muslims were equal and that no one should rule over another. In this way, they denounced both ‘Ali and Mu’awiya and said that their belief as La Hukma Illa Lillah, meaning “No Rulership except by Allah alone.” These dissenters insisted that arms should settle the issue. They were led by ‘Abd Allah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi and counted several thousand soldiers.
‘Ali had to confront these dissenters to prevent an upset of the arrangement with Mu’awiya and to remain caliph. There was some reluctance in the army of ‘Ali to fight the dissenters because they had been with ‘Ali when ‘Ali fought Mu’awiya at Siffin. ‘Ali also did not want to fight the dissenters and offered amnesty to those who agreed to come under his banner. All but 1800 of the dissenters left ‘Abd Allah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi.
At the Battle of Nahrawan, the dissenters attacked ‘Ali with desperate courage. However, they did not stand a chance against the superior forces of ‘Ali, and all but nine of them were killed. Among the dead was ‘Abd Allah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi. As for the surviving dissenters, the nine managed to flee to Basra and elsewhere, where they spread the fire of their hatred and recruited more followers. ‘Ali’s army suffered on eight casualties, but the biggest ultimate casualty was ‘Ali himself.
Two years after the Battle of Nahrawan, the dissenters sent out three assassins to kill ‘Ali, Mu’awiya and Amr al-As. The latter two survived but ‘Ali was assassinated at the hand of ‘Abdul Rahman ibn Muljam in the mosque of Kufa.
The dissenters — the opponents of the arbitration with Mu’awiya — were expelled from the ranks of ‘Ali’s followers and declared heretics. They were charged with going against the consensus of the umma and were given the name Khawarij or seceders. Subsequently, the Khawarij — the Kharijites — were fought by everybody.
Alternative names include:
‘Abd Allah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi
‘Abdallah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi
‘Abdullah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi
Ibn Wahb al-Rasibi, ‘Abd Allah
Ibn Wahb al-Rasibi, ‘Abdallah
Ibn Wahb al-Rasibi, ‘Abdullah